3. Pheidole nodus
Externally, this species is very similar to the previous ones, but there are differences. They are also visitors from Asia, but mostly not China, but Indonesia, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. An interesting fact is their very long legs - this feature of construction helps the ants withstand short periods of tropical rainfall, when the soil is flooded and insects literally have to move in the liquid mud.
These ants also walk on water, therefore the workers of Pheidole noda in case of flooding hold their legs, creating a living raft, thus helping the queen and the brood to escape in case of flooding the nest. These ants build their nests not only in the ground, but also wherever they can - in rock crevices, empty coconuts that have fallen to the ground, bamboo stalks and rotten logs. Their diet is based on protein, but sometimes they enjoy eating fresh, juicy fruit and coconut pulp, literally eating the passages from them, which are then used to keep and store offspring.
Often commercially available colonies of this and previous species have not one queen but two or more. Sometimes this is an indicator of true polygamy, but usually only one of the queens is fully productive, while the rest are ex-winged females who for some reason did not have time to fly away and are now forced to act as soldiers.
Only three species of Pheidole ants are presented here, there are of course others, but they are difficult to buy. But even if you buy a completely different subspecies about which there is absolutely no information, it does not matter, as the breeding conditions for all ants of this genus are identical.
What is needed for our insects to be active and reproduce properly?
First of all, proper nutrition is important. Workers of these species do not live very long, so the family is simply obliged to quickly replenish and cover the losses caused by their death with high fertility. A very large number of growing larvae require a huge amount of protein feed. Therefore, a large and developed colony can eat a dozen or so adult cockroaches a day, and even more! Carbohydrates absorbed by ants in the form of seeds, fruit and syrup (be careful with this) are not as important as protein feed. Ants can live on marble cockroaches and / or mealworms alone, but will do better if their diet is varied. And the variety is that other species of cockroaches, crickets, flies, and anything else in general can be included in the diet because at its peak it will eat eggs, meat, sausage, shrimp, and even mice and rats. The most important thing here is to have time to feed the insects in a timely manner, otherwise they may try to find food themselves.
And here we come to another important point - when breeding Pheidols, you should make sure that they do not run away. Although these are not races at all, but rather hiking trips for food (the queen and broods remain in the formicaria, only the gatherers come out), the formed column of these ants can cause a lot of trouble at home, so you should always smear the edges of the arena with a special agent or use a cover .
These ants do not have any special housing requirements.
They feel good in both plaster and acrylic - a wooden formicarium is unlikely to be suitable for this species.
Food and capacious formicaria are two ingredients of success, considering that the Pheidole colony will feel good, gradually develop and delight its owner for many years.